Our words for this week are Problem-solving or Constructing.

Neuman3.jpgIn the second and third periods of Piaget's Congnitive-Development Theory children begin to, "Problem-Solve" or figure out the concept of Moral Judgment. As young chilren they are moral heteronomist, that is, blind obedience to rules imposed by adults. As older children they adhere to a morality of autonomy in which they consider rules as human devices produced by equals for the sake of cooperation. As they children show us, this game of soccer would not be possible if some of the children decided to pick up the ball and run with it when the spirit moved them. Brian P. Tait

asset.jpg[[image:asset.jpg]http://www.funderstanding.com/content/brain-based-learning]]] sa.edu au
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From a constructivist point of view, I chose this picture below to represent problem-solving as a group. Constructivism is based on the concept of working together and being interactive with one another. All of the hands meet in the middle as if each person is about to work as a team to complete an assignment.--Jess McAllister

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Elementary School Student Solving Math Problems



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Elementary school age girl utilizing her cognitive abilities to solve math problems. She looks to be in Piaget's Formal Operations Stage (age 11 to adulthood) when young people develop the capacity to think systematically on an abstract and hypothetical plane. - Debbie OlivieriPROBLEM SOLVING OR CONSTRUCTING



Mathematics
Factorization,mutiplication, and prime in a construction that can seen and or visualized .
Jerome Bruner- "The concept of prime numbers appears to be more readily grasped when the child, through construction, discovers that certain handfuls of beans cannot be laid out in completed rows and columns." This is not abstract learning but concrete in accordance with the Constructist Theory.
Burhedita Thompson https://www.cs.tcd.ie/ crite/lpr/imgs/w39.jpg
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The children in the picture below are rearranging objects on the poles so that they match the pictures on the tables. Although they look young, they must be in advanced stages of preoperational thought near to formal operational thought because they are clearly thinking about what the next step in recreating the picture is before they place the next object on the poles. They are doing this on their own, with out a teachers help nor with help from each other. Piaget believed that children constructing on their own, with out judgment or advice from an outside source, was good for their self esteem and helped them to become independent thinkers. --Susan Taylor
http://www.kids-konnect.com/yahoo_site_admin/assets/images/KKCDC_062.13183411.jpg

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This picture illustrates a young child problem-solving independently by attempting to place a food-covered spoon into his mouth. According to Piaget, children can learn to problem-solve without the teachings from adults. I have made the assumption that after a few tries, this child was able to place spoon properly into his mouth to receive the food. This picture was taken from http://i.telegraph.co.uk/telegraph/multimedia/archive/01382/porridge2_1382116c.jpg ~Amy Howlett

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This picture shows a group of adults working to create a building made from marshmallows and sticks. I actually did a similar project with my class 2 weeks agol. They had to create a building from toothpicks and marshmallows that could withdstand jello "earthquake". Unfortunately, I didn't have my camera that day to take pictures of them problem-solving. If their building wasn't able to stay during the "earthquake" they had to figure out how to make their structure more stable. This project allowed me to see constructivism at its finest. Ann Marissa http://bit.ly/8UPx6f








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Concrete and Formal Operational Stages



http://www.playyoutube.com/1,YJyuy4B2aKU/reasoning/concrete-operational-stage-deductive-reasoning

This is a video of a two children being asked reasoning questions. The children both exhibit to be in Piaget's Concrete operations and Formal operations stages.
By : Robin Bigsby


Vincent Joseph Cacia III
Below ia picture of a group of adolescents trying to solve quite possible some type of mathematical equation using the Rubix Cube as a form of measurement. This is a very good picture that helps illusttrate Piaget's Period IV. Formal Operations (11 to adulthood). It is in this period of time adolescents are able to work "systematically in terms of all possibilities" (pp 133). It is at this period that they know, understand, and appreciate the importance of group cooperation in order to obtain a goal.

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This little man appears to be much younger than the normal 11 year old minimum age to enter into Piaget's Period IV (Formal Operations). He has shown much imagination solving any problems relating to dress code, but at 3, 4 or 5 years of age he is certainly incapable of soaring into the realm of purely abstract and hypothetical thought. Nevertheless, he appears dressed for success!
Mark Monaghan